The Process On How Bread Is Made
It will be beneficial to give here some remarks by the fantastic scientist, Liebig, about the best procedure for making breads: — “Many chemists are of opinion that flour by the fermentation in the dough loses somewhat of its nutritious constituents, from a decomposition of the gluten; and it’s been proposed to render the dough porous without fermentation by way of chemicals which when brought into get in touch with yield carbonic acid. But on a nearer investigation of the procedure this view seems to have little foundation.
“When flour is manufactured into dough with drinking water, and permitted to stand at a gentle warmth, a change occurs in the gluten of the dough, similar compared to that which happens following the steeping of barley in the commencement of germination in the seeds in the planning of malt; and in consequence of the change the starch (vast majority of it in malting; in dough just a small %) is changed into sugar, a little part of the gluten passes in to the soluble state, where it acquires the properties of albumen, but by this change it out loses nothing at all whatever of its digestibility or of its nutritive worth. “We can not bring flour and drinking water together without the forming of sugars from the starch; in fact it is this sugars rather than the gluten which a component enters into fermentation, and can be resolved into alcoholic beverages and carbonic acid.
“We realize that malt isn’t inferior in nutritive capacity to barley from which it really is derived, although the gluten within it offers undergone a more profound alteration than that of flour in the dough, and encounter offers taught us that in distilleries where spirits are manufactured from potatoes, the plastic material constituents of the potatoes, and of the malt which can be added after having been through the entire span of the procedures of the formation and the fermentation of the sugars, have lost small or nothing at all of their nutritive worth. It is certain consequently, that in the producing of bread there is absolutely no loss of gluten.
“Only a small area of the starch of the flour is consumed in the creation of sugars, and the fermentative procedure isn’t just the simplest and very best but also the least expensive of all methods which were recommended for rendering breads porous. Besides, chemical substance preparations ought never, generally, to be suggested by chemists for culinary reasons, given that they hardly ever are located pure in common commerce. For instance, the business crude muriatic acid which it is suggested to increase the dough along with bicarbonate of soda, can be always most impure, and frequently contains arsenic, so the chemist under no circumstances uses it with out a tedious procedure for purification for his reasons, which are of much less importance than producing breads light and porous.
“To create bread cheaper it’s been proposed to increase dough potato starch or dextrine, rice, the pressed pulp of turnips, pressed natural potatoes, or boiled potatoes; but each one of these additions just diminish the nutritive worth of breads. Potato starch, dextrine, or the pressed pulp of turnips, and beet-root, when put into flour, yield a combination the nutritive value which is equivalent to the complete potato, or lower still, but no-one can consider the modification of grain or flour right into a food of equal worth with potatoes or rice a noticable difference. The true problem can be to render the potatoes or rice identical or add up to wheat within their effects, rather than vice versa It is best under all conditions to boil the potatoes and consume them as such, than to include potatoes or potato starch to flour before it really is made into breads, which should become strictly prohibited by law enforcement regulation due to the cheating to which it could inevitably give rise.”